Nearly 200 women make up five colored detachments of women — the gold detachment of women, silver detachment of women, pink detachment of women, blue detachment of women and green detachment of women — in Taojia, a town in Jiulongpo, a district in Southwest China's Chongqing Municipality. Members of the five detachments help local women master agricultural techniques, find jobs and/or start businesses and become rich. The members also help locals solve problems and mediate disputes.
Helping Villagers Become Rich
The gold detachment of women, composed of 21 members, has been established in Zhian and Jianqiang, two villages in Taojia Town. Members of the gold detachment are skilled in planting Chinese peppers. The Women's Federation of Taojia Town established a platform for teaching villagers how to plant Chinese peppers. The members of the gold detachment have used both QQ (a Chinese instant messaging program) and the official WeChat account of the county's women's federation to teach villagers how to plant Chinese peppers.
The members of the gold detachment have also organized local women's participation in sessions to learn how to plant Chinese peppers. The training was conducted by agricultural experts. More than 370 women participated in the training sessions in 2016. The county's women's federation also arranged for college students, who were majoring in agriculture, to teach women how to apply fertilizer and cure and prevent insect-related diseases. Women from more than 1,500 families have earned money and become rich by planting Chinese peppers.
Helping Villagers Adapt to Changes
Taojia's town government has expropriated some land from several of the villages in recent years. As a result, many women no longer need to perform farm chores. The town's federation established the silver detachment of women to help those women find jobs and adapt to the changes in their lives. Members of the silver detachment have helped women villagers find jobs in local factories. The members have also helped women solve their problems, in part by helping them start businesses.
Chen Xia, a member of the silver detachment, has choreographed steps and movements for public square dancing. She has also organized a dance team composed of more than 100 people.
Many adults in the county have migrated to cities for work. They have left their children and elderly members of their families behind. The county's women's federation established the pink detachment of women to help look after the left-behind children and elderly residents. Members of the pink detachment have visited the left-behind children and elderly residents' families, to learn what problems they face and what things they need. The members have assisted more than 150 left-behind children and elderly residents.
The members have also helped local women solve their problems. The Women's Federation of Jiulongpo District has offered psychological counseling and rights-protection services to local women through the district's women's home. The pink detachment has helped 41 women solve their problems.
The county's women's federation also established the blue detachment of women, composed of 80 members, to help villagers solve their land-acquisition- and house-demolition-related problems. The members of the blue detachment have promoted the land-acquisition and house-demolition policies to the villagers. The members have also participated in the declaration of the compensation standards for land acquisition and house demolition, to help locals protect their legal rights and interests. The members have also helped underprivileged families move to new houses.
The county's women's federation established the green detachment of women, composed of 180 members, to help villagers resolve their disputes. The members of the green detachment have helped the locals mediate disputes with their relatives or neighbors. The district's women's federation has hired nine legal advisers to help villagers resolve labor disputes with their employers. In the past two years, the green detachment has helped nearly 100 people resolve their disputes.
(Executive Editor: DOU DOU, Women of China English Monthly January 2017 Issue)
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