|Cai Yuanpei Memorial Hall（蔡元培故居）|
|Address :||75 Dongtangzi Hutong, Dongcheng District|
Cai Yuanpei (1868-1940) was a Chinese educator, politician, revolutionary and president of Peking University (1916-1927). Cai was an influential figure in the New Culture Movement (to promote democracy and science) and the May Fourth Movement (an anti-imperialist and anti-feudalism patriotic movement).
There are three Cai Yuanpei memorial halls — one in Beijing, one in Shanghai and the other in Shaoxing (in Zhejiang Province) — in China.
The hall in Beijing is situated in Dongtangzi Hutong, in Dongcheng District. Cai rented the courtyard, and he lived there from 1917-1920, when he was president of Peking University. In the memorial hall, Cai's life stories, old photos and his works are displayed in the display hall.
After Cai became the university's president, he did his utmost to put into effect the principles of democracy and academic freedom, and he initiated several university-administration reforms. He encouraged students to establish students' associations, and to participate in campus activities. He recruited many renowned scholars, who represented various schools of thought, including Chen Duxiu (a revolutionary socialist, educator and philosopher), Li Dazhao (co-founder of the Communist Party of China), Hu Shi (a litterateur and philosopher), and Gu Hongming (a scholar and translator).
Cai's contributions helped Peking University become a major institution of higher education in China. Cai was also a proponent of women's right to divorce and to remarry, and he strongly opposed foot binding.
75 Dongtangzi Hutong, Dongcheng District
(Executive Editors: WEI XUANYI and ZHANG PING, Women of China English Monthly April 2017 Issue)
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